HAZMAT Technician Training Levels or Classifications
HAZMAT (First Responder Awareness). The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER first responder awareness level training requirements. An initial amount of training is not specified, but an annual refresher is required. OSHA requires first responders at the awareness level to receive sufficient training or to have had sufficient experience to:
HAZMAT (First Responder Operations). The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER technician training requirements. OSHA requires first responders at the operations level to be trained to respond in a defensive fashion without trying to stop the release. The training program for first responders at the operational level must enable them to contain the release from a safe distance, to keep it from spreading, and to prevent exposures. The amount of training required for first responders at the operations level is at least 8 hours initially with an annual refresher thereafter.
HAZMAT (Hazardous Material Technician). The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER HM technician training requirements. The training received by HM technicians must enable them to assume a more aggressive role than a first responder at the operations level in that they will approach the point of release in order to plug, patch, or otherwise stop the release of a hazardous substance. Therefore, OSHA requires HM technicians to receive at least 24 hours of training in addition to the First Responder Operations training requirements. The hazardous material technician must be able to:
HAZMAT (Hazardous Material Specialist). The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER HM specialist training requirements. The training received by HM specialists must enable them to have a more directed or specific knowledge of the various substances that they may be called upon to contain and allow them to act as a site liaison with Federal, State, local, and other government authorities in regards to site activities. Therefore, OSHA requires HM specialists to receive the following training in addition to the 24 hours of training required for the HM technician level:
HAZMAT (On-scene Incident Commander). The 29 CFR 1910.120(q) specifies HAZWOPER on-scene incident commander training requirements. The training received by incident commanders must enable them to implement all applicable emergency response plans and control and manage the incident. Therefore, OSHA requires incident commanders to be trained at least to the first responder operations level. In addition, incident commanders must be able to implement and run the Incident Command System and facility emergency response plan, and be familiar with the local State emergency response plans and the Federal Regional Response Team.
HAZMAT Emergency Action Plans. The 29 CFR 1910.38 specifies emergency action plan training requirements. OSHA requires the employer to designate and train a sufficient number of persons to assist in the safe and orderly evacuation of employees. The training must include a review of those parts of the plan that the employees must know in order to protect themselves and others in an emergency. This training must take place upon initial assignment, and a written plan must be kept at the workplace for employee review.
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